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Helena Anselmo nº 8/ 8ºC

Jéssica Ribeiro nº 9 / 8ºC




Verbs followed by Prepositions

Some verbs do not take an object directly but are normally followed by a preposition.
E.g. My sister is smile at me.

Some verbs take an object followed by a particular preposition.
E.g. Ask the teacher for the test.

Other verbs can take either an object or a prepositional object.

E.g. Don't play with knives.
I agree with teacher.

Here is a list of common prepositional verbs:
-Agree on/with -Depend on -Pay for -Think of/about
-Belong to -Insist on -Smile at
-Care about -Laugh at -Speak about
-Consists of -Listen to -Suffer from
-Deal with -Look at -Talk about/to





Present perfect Continuous



Have + been+ verb+ -ing form-

Affirmative
I have been sleeping

You have been cooking

We have been playing

They have been swimming


Negative
I haven´t been sleeping

You haven´t been cooking

We haven´t been playing

They haven´t been swimming






Interrogative
I have been sleeping

You have been cooking

We have been playing

They have been swimming


Has + been+ verb+ -ing form

Affirmative
He has been staying
She has been choosing
It has been trying
Negative
He hasn´t been staying
She hasn´t been choosing
It hasn´t been trying

Interrogative
has he been staying?
Has she been choosing?
Has it been trying?

Present Perfect


Ex: I have paid my bills.
She has visited her grandmother.
Fly-Flew-Flown

Regra: have + Verb in Past Participle
Just/already/never/ever/yet


Television progammes- Programas de televisão




Animated cartoons– desenhos animados
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS8RjM5XhYsYPVqOshzJ_Ikz3ro1E6qPbDkxFgibTE4-Pa-kTI

documentary- documentário
comedy- comédia
concerts- concertos
debate- debate
films-filmes
interviews- entrevistas
news –notícias
plays – peças de teatro
quiz – concurso
series – séries
shows - espectáculos
soap operas- telenovelas
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTLd6AkEZRIFpArBd63OqME_A6UkOsnuc8wsFdnJMFlTNHclTHN

sports – desportos



Tipos de Programas de Rádio
-Comedy - comédia
-Current affairs - actualidades
-Concert - concerto
-Drama - drama
-Interviews - entrevistas
-Music - música
-News - notícias
-Plays - peças de teatros




TV
Advantages:

-We learn languages;
-We can laugh with the comedia programmes.
-TV is a source of information, entertainment and knoweledge.
-For some people, especially old and lonely ones, TV is the only company they have.
-There are compaigns meant to help people with some kind of problems - health, money, etc.
-People can learn different subjects on TV - to speack languages, to bake cakes, etc.
-There are some scientific programmes throught which we learn about nature, economics, etc.
-People get information about what is going on around the world, sometimes, at the same time things are happening-the Royal Wedding, Bin Laden's death, etc.
-We are also informed about the weather forecast.

Disadvantages:

-TV can be harmful for our eyesight.
-Some people get addiced to TV, spend too much time in front of it and become real '' cauch potatoes''.
-Also they forget to do other things - going to walks meeting friends, etc.
-It can be a bad influence especially for children and youngsters, who tend to imitate bad behaviours violence, crimes, drugs, alcohol, etc.
-Some people say it kills imagination.
-Some people can get shocked with what they see.



Active voice ---------------------------------Passive voice


Julio Magalhães presents the «Jornal das 8».

The jornal das 8 is presented by Júlio


Verb to be Present Simple Past Participle


Rule:

Presnt Simple

Subject + is / are + Past Participle + by


Atencion:

I- me
You- you
He- him
She- her
It -it
We- us
You-you
They- them

Many, a lot of, much

We use many,much and a lot of to express a large quantity

Many
Countable nouns
Ex: She hasn´t got many friends.

Much
Uncountable nouns
Ex. We haven´t got much time

A lot of
Countable nouns and uncountables nouns
Ex: She´s got a lot of friends.



Gerund
She likes listening to music before falling asleep.

FORM

The gerund is formed by adding to the verb the ending -ing

Make- making
have- having
do- doing
eat- eating
see- seeing
run-running
begin-beginning
open- opening
travel-travelling
lie-lying
die- dying
sing- singing

Use:
like/dislike
start
love
finish
stop
imagine
can´t stand
enjoy
prefer
detest
hate
not mind

The gerund is also used after preposition:

at, on, of, for, in, about, by, before, after, by, without


Infinitive
Infinitive with to:
The verbs below are followed by an infinitive with to.
E.g. She learn to get a good job.
Expect
Hope
Need
Promise
Offer
Want
Agree
Try
Plan
Decide
Learn


Infinitive without to:
Modal Verbs are followed by the infinitive without to: can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would and must.
E.g. They should be happy.



If clauses

Type 1 -Something which is likely to happen in the present or in the future

IF+PRESENT SIMPLE -FUTURE SIMPLE

Ex: If he goes to los Ngeles, he will meet many different peole.
If they visit Hollywood, they will see Universal Studios.


2nd Type- Improbable
If you studied you would get good marks.
Past Simple Conditional would+infinitive
Regular ’’ed’’
Irregular

Ex: If Benfica lost (leave), I would kill (Kill) you.




Suffixes –full and –less


Regra: Faith + Ful
Less


Word
+Suffix ’’ful’’
+Suffix ’’less’’
Meaning
Faith
Faithful
Faithless
Fiel
??
Pain
Painful
Painless
Caloroso
Sem dar
Thought
Thoughtful
Thoughtless
Atencioso
Indelicado
Rest
Restful
Restless
Tranquilo
Impaciente
Thank
Thankful
Thankless
Agradecido
Ingrato
Joy
Joyful
Joyless
Alegre
Triste
Taste
Tasteful
Tasteless
Bom Gosto
Mau Gosto
Care
Careful
Careless
Cuidadoso
Descuidado
Price

Priceless

Valiosíssimo
Hope
Hopeful
Hopeless
Esperançoso
Desesperado



Ex: I can trust Michael. He is faithful.
Oh, no, no. He is faithless.


Oje
Quality Paper
Size of the sheet
Large Size




Broadsheet
||
Pictures
Few pictures, usually small and in black and white
Headlines
Small headlines, wich usually sumarize the article
Types of news
Serious issues, politics, economics, crisis, detailded, articles.




O Jornal d’Alenquer

Newspapers Local – Falar Verdade/

National Internacional
Daily
-Correio da Manhã -The Times (highbrow)
-Record/Bola/O Jogo -The Sun (tabloid)
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQRJz1b-33HP6DaId8AvUtyDrGb8Ur8vv7qbR0NvQfizUzAD_au

- O Diário de Notícias


Weekly
- O Expresso -The Sunday Times
- O Sol



Present Simple
Subject + Is/Are + Past Participle + by…
Ex: Léo never buys this newspaper.
This newspaper is never bought by Léo.



Past Simple
Subject + Was/Were + Past Participle + by…
Ex: We spoke French at the Interview.
French was spoken at the Interview by us.

Means of communication:
-Radio
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-Mobile Phone

-Press = Newspapers/Magazines
-Television
-Internet