360.gif





Members Purple Team:
-Ana Claúdia
-Liliana Melo
-Miguel Nunes


Topics:
1)Hobbies;
2)Sports;
3)Equipment;
4)Holidays;
5)Present Simple;
6)Present Continuous;
7)Names.


1)HOBBIES

My Favourite Hobbies


Liliana Melo,13 anos,Marés-Abrigada

My favourite hobbies are watching TV,playing computer games and riding a bike.
Since I can remember I watch TV every day.I started playing computer games two years ago when I received a game called Sims Life Stories.
I learned to ride a bike when I was six years.
Usually I do every hobby I said every day.

ciclista_04.jpg televisao_(1).jpg




Miguel Nunes, 13 anos, Bairro-Abrigada

My favourite hobbies are going to cinema, listening music and watching TV.
I love going to cinema, because I love laughing. When I go to cinema I usually watch comic movies or cartoon movies. The movies are always of Dreamworks productions, like "Shrek","Bee history","Madagascar", and many other ones. But what I really like is watching scary movies, like "Screams","The ring","The grudge","Paranormal activity","REC", "Amityville horror",etc.
I love too listening music, like rock. In the class, I told to you my favourite band, it was Muse, but I have many favourite bands like Metallica, Smashing Pumpkins, Red Hot Chilli Peppers, The Cure, Guano Apes, Queen, etc.
Watching Tv is the other thing I love. Watching criminal series is my favourite thing to do, but I also like watching cartoon series like "Simpsons","Family Guy","American dad","Cleveland show" and "Futurama".

external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT0pjMCUDJJHK0HoNtVAVvIu2ckmhBicQKR8PhGiZqs5zOq8OZE external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQGBVwFyDFK-h09rxFDlcbAkSxZ7v836ol-RoKVJ35guftBKSRvsAexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTGZm77BSAvr9kb72eFGC8ZtcTHbpcA8yE8YZL1CMhVWAHpV385
Mask of the scary movie"Screams"/ My favourite band called "Muse"/ My favourite cartoon serie called "Family Guy"


2)Sports
-baseball

baseball.jpg









-basketball
Basketball.jpg
-football
soccer.jpg
-golf
golf.jpg
-rappell
rapell.jpg

-rugby
rugby.jpg
-scuba-diving
SCUBA_DIVING.jpg

-surfing
surf.jpg
-swimming
swimming.jpg
-tennis
Tennis.jpg
-volleyball
Volleyball.jpg


3)Equipments

Some equipments:
-jump suit
-parachute
-goggles
-wetsuit
-rope
etc...

4)Holidays

Types of holidays:
-summer holiday
-package holiday
-winter holiday
-walking holiday
-and others

5)Present Simple
Verb: Watch

Affirmative

I watch
You watch
He watches
She watches
It watches
We watch
You watch
They watch

Negative

I don't watch
You don't watch
He doesn't watch
She doesn't watch
It doesn't watch
We don't watch
You don't watch
They don't watch

Interrogative

Am I watch?
Are you watch?
Does he watch?
Does she watch?
Does it watch?
Are we watch?
Are you watch?
Are they watch?

6)Present Continuous
Verb: Watch

Present
I am watching
You are watching
He is watching
She is watching
It is watching
We are watching
You are watching
They are watching


Negative
I am not ('m not) watching
You are not (aren't) watching
He is not (isn't) watching
She is not (isn't) watching
It is not (isn't) watching
We are not (aren´t) watching
You are not (aren't) watching
They are not (aren't) watching

Interrogative
Am I watching?
Are You watching?
Is He watching?
Is She watching?
Is It watching?
Are We watching?
Are You watching?

7)Nouns

Compound Nouns
A compound noun is a made up of two or more words.The most of compound nouns are formed by two nouns, or an adjective and a noun.
The two parts may be written in a number of ways:
as one word: butterfly (butter + fly)
as two words joined with a hyphen: dry-cleaning
as two separed words: red head


Omisson of nouns after the genitive
Is Vicki going to the baker's? (shop)
Shirley and Joe are going to Tom's, aren't they? (house)
In Sunday morning, I'm going to St' Peter's. (church/cathedral)
I don't like eat in Freddie's. (restaurant)
Do you like her shoes or Lily's? (shoes)

Plural of nouns:
Regular Nouns

-s -es -ies -ves
song-songs kiss-kisses baby-babies wife-wives
couple-couples box-boxes city-cities knife-knives
dream-dreams bus-buses lady-ladies thief-thieves
sound-sounds watch-watches ferry-ferries shelf-shelves

---Regular nouns form their plural by ending in -s, -es, -ies and -ves.

Irregular Nouns:
Man-men
woman-women
foot-feet
tooth-teeth
child-children
mouse-mice
goose-geese
ox-oxen
person-people
fish-fish
sheep-sheep
deer-deer

Plural Nouns
Glasses
clothes
jeans
shorts
trousers
scissors

---Irregular nouns form their plural in different ways and some don't change in the plural.



Ana Cláudia- Fraco
Liliana Santos- Satisfaz Plenamente
Miguel Nunes- Satisfaz Bem

Second Term


avaliacao20.png
Liliana Melo 8ºC Nº13
Future with Will


Verb wash

  • Affirmative
will + verb

I will wash
You will wash
He will wash
She will wash
It will wash
We will wash
You will wash
They will wash


  • Negative (long and short form)

I will not wash or I won't wash
You will not wash or you won't wash
He will not wash or he won't wash
She will not wash or she won't wash
It will not wash or it won't wash
We will not wash or we won't wash
You will not wash or you won't wash
They will not wash or they won't wash

  • Interrogative

Will I wash?
Will you wash?
Will he wash?
Will she wash?
Will it wash?
Will we wash?
Will you wash?
Will they wash?


Future with “Going to”:
A Affirmative
I am going to
You are going to
He is going to
She is going to
It is going to
We are going to
You are going to
They are going to
  • Negative
I’m not going to
You aren´t going to
He isn’t going to
She isn’t going to
It isn’t going to
We aren’t going to
You aren’t going to
They aren’t going to
  • Interrogative
A Am going to?
Are you going to?
Is he going to?
Is she going to?
Is it going to?
Are we going to?
Are you going to?
Are they going to?

Adverbs of Manner

When I saw Jim, he was walking quickly.
Quick + ly = quickly
Easy + ly = easily
Economic + ly = economically

The Adjectives Degrees:

Comparative of Superiority
Big = bigger
Strong = stronger
Fast = faster
Happy = happier
Interesting=more interesting
Rule:
· Short Adjectives:
Adjective + er + than

· Long Adjectives:
More + adjective + than

· Irregular Adjectives:
Good = better than
Bad = worse than

Comparative of Equality:
Rule:
Affirmative
As + adjective + as
Negative
So + adjective + as
Comparative of Inferiority
Less + adjective + than

Superlative
Fiat 500 is the heaviest
Lamborghini is the most expensive.
Mourinho is his best coach.
Jorge Jesus is the worst coach.
Rule:
Short Adjectives
The + Adjective + est
Long Adjective
The + most + adjective

Food Preparation
Roast - assar
Boil-cozer
Stew - estufar
Grill - grelhar
Fry - fritar
Cook - cozinhar
Bake – cozer no forno


Vocabulary
Fruit:
-apple (maça)
-grapes (uvas)
-strawberry (morango)
-mango (manga)
-pineapple (ananás)
-peach (pêssego)
-pear (pêra)
-watermelon (melancia)
-cherry (cereja)
-plum (ameixa)
-kiwi (Kivi)
-apricot (alperce)
-fig (figo)
-orange (laranja)
-papaya (papaia)

Vegetables (vegetais):
-potato (batata)
-carrot (cenoura)
-cauliflower (couve flor)
-garlic (alho)
-green pepper (cucumber)
-tomato (tomate)
-beetroot (beterraba)
-broccoli (brócolos)
-lettuce (alface)
-bean (feijão)
-pea (ervilha)
-spinach (espinafre)
-pumpkin (abóbora)

Meat/Fish:
-beef (carne de vaca)
-chicken (frango)
-duck (pato)
-lamb (cordeiro)
-ham (presunto/fiambre)
-pork (carne de porco)
-rabbit (coelho)
-sausage (salsicha)
-turkey (perú)
-veal (vitela)
-codfish (bacalhau)
-bream (dourada)
-octopus (polvo)
-salmon (salmão)
-sardine (sardinha)


Countable and Uncontable nouns:
Countable Nouns
Uncountable Nouns ***
onion
wine
Banana
Coffee
Hamburger
Meat
Sausage
Tea
Egg
Money
lemon
Cheese

Food

Traffic

Rice

Butter

honey
              • Drinks are uncountable nouns.
Words to put on table:
Wine; onion; banana; meat; tea; hamburger; money; cheese; food; water; traffic; sausage; rice; butter; honey; egg; lemon.

To countable nouns:
Affirmative:
To singular use “a” or “an” (um / uma). Use “a” with words that begin with consonants and “an” with words that begin with vowels.
To plural use “some” (alguns / algumas).
Negative:
Use “any” (nenhuns / nenhumas) and “no” when the verb is positive.
Interrogative:
Use “any” (alguns / algumas).

To uncountable nouns:
Affirmative:
There isn’t singular or plural. Use always “some” (algum / algumas).
Negative:
Use “any” (nenhum / nenhuma) and “no” when the verb is positive.
Interrogative:
Use “any” (algum / alguma).


Relative Pronouns:
Angie is the girl. She suffers from anorexia.
Angie is the girl THAT / WHO suffers from anorexia.

Anorexia it is an eating disorder. It causes serious problems.
Anorexia it is an eating disorder THAT / WHICH causes serious problems.
WHO is to use only with people.
THAT and WHICH could be used whit everything.


Present Perfect
I have enjoyed the party. (acções passadas num tempo indeterminado)
I have eaten an apple.
Negative
Interrogative
I haven’t eaten
Have I eaten?
He hasn’t eaten
Has he eaten?

Rule:
Have + verb in the past participle (enjoyed, eaten)
Expressions used with the Present Perfect
-already (já)
It comes between “have” and the verb in the past participle.
-just (acabei de )
Comes between “have” and the verb in the past participle.
-never (nunca)
Comes between “have” and the verb in the past participle.
-yet (ainda não)
To use “yet” the verb “have” has to be in the negative and then “yet” is used in the end of the expression.
-ever (alguma vez)
Used in the interrogative between “have + verb to be” and the verb in the past participle.
To actions that began in the past and proceed in the present:
-for (há)
Ex:I have lived in New York for 20 years.
-since (desde)
Ex:I have lived in New York since 1990.

Fashion
Jobs:
-fashion designer / stylist (designer de moda / estilista)
-model (modelo)
-hairdresser (cabeleireira)
-make-up artist (maquilhadora)
-manicurist (manicure)
-beautician (esteticista)
-masseuse (massagista)
Shops:
-clothes shop
-department store
-boutique
-shoes shop
-jewerelly shop
-perfume shop / store
Fashion Designers:
-Ralph Lauren
-Versace
-Armani
-Dolce & Gabbana
-Stella McCartney
-John Galliano
-Alexander McQueen


Reported Speech

Changes
1. Verb Tenses
Direct Speech
Reported Speech
external image clip_image001.gif
Present Simple
external image clip_image002.gifEx: am / is /are
external image clip_image003.gif Buy
external image clip_image004.gif Go
external image clip_image005.gif Don’t buy
Past Simple Ex: was / were
Bought
Went
Didn’t find
external image clip_image006.gif
Present Continuous
external image clip_image007.gifEx: am having
external image clip_image008.gif Aren’t deciding
Past Continuous Ex: was having
Weren’t deciding
external image clip_image009.gif
Future Simple
external image clip_image010.gifEx: will come
external image clip_image011.gif Won’t live
Conditional Ex: would come
Wouldn’t leave

2. Pronouns/determiners
Direct Speech
Reported Speech
external image clip_image012.gif
I
external image clip_image013.gif
You
external image clip_image014.gif
We
external image clip_image015.gif
This
external image clip_image016.gif
These
external image clip_image017.gif
My
external image clip_image018.gif
Our
external image clip_image019.gif
Your

She/he He/she/I They That Those Her/his Their Her/his/my

3. Time expressions
Direct Speech
Reported Speech
external image clip_image020.gif
Now
external image clip_image021.gif
Today
external image clip_image022.gif
Tonight
external image clip_image023.gif
Tomorrow
external image clip_image024.gif
Next week

Then/at the moment That day That night The next day/the following day The next week/the following week

4. Other expressions
Direct Speech
Reported Speech
external image clip_image025.gif
Here

There

Ex:“ I like to see the series Bones and C.S.I Miami” external image clip_image027.jpgexternal image clip_image029.jpg
-I said that I liked to see the series Bones and C.S.I Miami.

3_periodo_i.jpg
Reported Questions
Ex: “Where do you live?”
-He asked where I lived.
Verbs followed by prepositions
“These cloths belong to Madalena.”
Belong + preposition “to”
“I don’t agree with you”
Agree + preposition “with”
Suffixes “less” and “ful”
This place is restful.
She is restless.
Rest + Less and ful
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been feeding the dogs.
Have
+ been + verb+ ing
Has
She has been sleeping for 10 hours.
Since 21:30.
All night.
Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous
I have been reading a book. Present perfect continuous

For/since
I have read a book. Present perfect

Just/already/ever/never/yet
Passive Voice (with present simple and past simple)
Present simple
“My sister watches cartoons.”
Cartoons are watched by my sister.
Watches-present simple watched-past participle
“They make cakes in the oven.”
Make-present simple made-past participle
The cakes are made (by them) in the oven.
-Sometimes when people that do the action is not very important it can be not used-
Rule:
Subject + is/are/am + past participle + by ….
Past Simple
I watched “Remédio Santo” yesterday.
“Remédio Santo” was watched (by me) yesterday.
-Sometimes when people that do the action is not very important it can be not used-
“They spoke about economics at the debate.”
Economics was spoken (by them) at the debate.
Spoke-past simple spoken-past participle
Rule:
Subject + was/were + past participle + by …

Unit 5- The Media
Tv
Advantages and disadvantages
Advantages
  • Tv a source of information, entertainment and knowledge.
  • We have fun, it helps us forget our own problems.
  • For some people especially old and lonely ones, tv is the only company they have.
  • There are campaigns meant to help people with some kind of problems- health, money, etc.
  • People can learn different subjects on tv- to speak languages, to bake cakes, etc.
  • There are some scientific programmes through which we can learn about nature, economies, etc.
  • People get informed about what is happening around the world, sometimes, at the same time things are going on- the Royal Weeding, Bin Laden’s death, etc.
  • We are also informed about the weather forecast.
Disadvantages
  • Tv can be hardful for our eyesight.
  • Some people get addicted to tv, spend too much time in front of it and become real “couch potatoes”.
  • Also they forget to do other things- going for walks, meeting friends, etc.
  • It can be a bad influence especially for children and youngless, who tend to copy bad behaviors- violence, crimes, drugs, alcohol, etc.
  • Some people say it kills imagination.
  • Some people can get shocked with what they see.
Tv programmes
  • Cartoons
  • Documentaries
  • News
  • Weather forecast
  • Debates
  • Interviews
  • Reality shows
  • Quiz shows
  • Series
  • Movies/films
  • Talk show
  • Soap operas
  • Sports
  • Commercials
Radio
Programmes
  • Live football matches
  • Music charts
  • Programmes with different types of music.
  • Discussions
  • Quizzes
  • Comedies
  • Music choice
  • Music shows
  • Live music events
  • Sports interviews
  • Debates
Press- Magazines and newspapers
Magazines- Types
  1. Music magazines
  2. Fashion magazines
  3. Computer magazine
  4. Satirical magazine
Newspapers
  1. National
  2. Local
They can be daily (every day) or weekly (every week).
Highbrow and tabloid

Quality papers
Popular papers
Size of the sheet
Large size -- broadsheet
Small size -- tabloid
Pictures
Few pictures, usually small and in black and white.
Big colorful pictures mostly of people.
Headlines
Small headlines which summarize the article.
Big eye catching headlines.
Types of news
Serious issues, politics, economics, crisis, detailed articles.
Short and dramatic articles, stories which intend to shock the readers; scandals, …

Gerund:
I like watching tv.
Watching = gerund
Like/ dislike/ enjoy/ finish/ hate/ can’t stand/ …
Infinitive with “to”:
She promised to watch the soap opera.
To watch = infinitive with “to”
Promised/ hope/ try/ want/ …
Infinitive without “to”
She can watch the soap opera.
Watch = infinitive without “to”
Can/ could/ may/ might/ shall/ should
Many/ much/ a lot of
There aren’t much people here.
Much = uncountable nouns/ negative/ interrogative
There aren’t many students in my class.
Many = countable nouns/ negative/ interrogative
There are a lot of people in this concert.
There are a lot of students in that class.
A lot of = countable and uncountable nouns
Conditional sentence (1st and 2nd types)
1st type – possible
If you study, you will pass the year.
Study = present simple
Will pass = future “will”
2nd type – improbable
If you studied, you would pass the year.
Studied = past simple
Would pass = would + infinitive






English Work:


Here is our work!
We hope you enjoy it!

Liliana- Satisfaz Mais
Miguel- Satisfaz Mais
Ana Cláudia- Satisfaz